Women in History

Sima Wali

Sima Wali

As president of Refugee Women in Development, a nonprofit organization that she established in the US in 1981 after fleeing Afghanistan for fear of communist persecution, Sima Wali raised international awareness of the plight of Afghan women, and raised millions of dollars in funding for women-led Afghan organizations, in her own “jihad for social justice …

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Phoebe Apperson Hearst

Phoebe Apperson Hearst

Born December 3, 1852 Phoebe Apperson Hearst was born to affluent farmers Randolph Walker Apperson and Drucilla (Whitmore) Apperson in Franklin County, Missouri. She is the mother of newspaper mogul William Randolf Hearst. After her husband passed in 1891,  Phoebe used her fortune to help multiple organizations, especially University of California at Berkley. Her contributions …

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Mamie Phipps Clark

Mamie Phipps Clark

Mamie Phipps Clark was an American social psychologist who, along with her husband Kenneth Clark, focused on the development of self-consciousness in black preschool children. Mamie Phipps Clark was born in Hot Springs, Ark., in 1917. Her research on racial identity and self-esteem helped pave the way for future research on self-concept among minorities.

Margaret H. Sanger

Margaret Sanger

In the early 20th century, at a time when matters surrounding family planning or women’s healthcare were not spoken in public, Margaret Sanger founded the birth control movement and became an outspoken and life-long advocate for women’s reproductive rights. In her later life, Sanger spearheaded the effort that resulted in the modern birth control pill.

Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori was an Italian physician, educator, and innovator, acclaimed for her educational method that builds on the way children learn naturally. She opened the first Montessori school—the Casa dei Bambini, or Children’s House—in Rome on January 6, 1907. Subsequently, she traveled the world and wrote extensively about her approach to education, attracting many devotees. …

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